Catch-Up.
Comprehensive Analysis of Trajectories of Change in the Uplands.

Exploring pathways to sustainable development in the uplands of
Lao PDR.

Activity A1: Diagnosis on the processes of land use changes in a representative sample of case study sites in Lao PDR

 
 
Rationale Objectives Methods Results Partnerships

    Development-oriented research requires developing a good understanding of the study areas and prioritization of development issues prior to introduction of innovations or implementation of policies. Their adaptation to local people's circumstances is a key condition to their adoption and success.

    • Understand the mechanisms of land use changes over a 50 years period in relation with agro-ecological and socio-economic transformations at carefully selected research sites that are further incorporated into a comparative analysis (Activity A2),

    • Identify the keys for extrapolation of locally obtained results to larger geographic areas (recommendation domains),

    • Prioritize promising innovations to durably intensify agriculture and forestry in sloping areas and identify target groups for the proposed technical and/or organizational innovations.

    Several research sites were selected to create a sample of case studies representative of the main biophysical and socio-economic characteristics of mountain areas in northern Laos. The following activities have been conducted in each site.

    1. Participatory analysis of changes in landscapes and livelihoods

    • Agro-ecological zonation and participatory mapping of land use changes. Historical profile based on interviews of local informants,
    • Household surveys leading to typologies and trajectories of farming systems,
    • Participatory prioritization of issues related to agriculture and natural resources management.

    2. Land use change analysis from remote sensing data

    • Land use changes analysis from interpretation of aerial pictures and satellite images leads to time series of land use maps,
    • Data integration from different sources into a geographic information system,
    • Patterns of land use changes are interpreted using the results of the monographs, and through direct interaction with local informants using the maps as a support for discussion.

    3. Reporting and result dissemination

    • The empirical data from the monographs are compared with the results from other monograph studies conducted by the project or available from the literature for a critical review,
    • The main findings of each case study are reported in Lao and English languages for rapid diffusion before they are submitted to scientific journals for publication,
    • Presentations of the key findings have been organized at the local and national levels to inform project partners and interested stakeholders.
    • Monograph reports on land use change and farming system differentiation processes at village and district levels (student dissertations),

    • For each case study, a synthesis combining systems and spatial approaches of land use changes,

    • Capacity building of the project staff and students in conducting monograph studies and reporting.

    1. Nalae, Sangthong and Thakhek Districts (Luang Namtha, Vientiane Municipality, Khammouane)

    A partnership was developed with a NASA project managed by Dr. Jefferson Fox from the East-West Center of Hawaii for the spatial analysis using Aster satellite imagery. Dr. Zhe Li spent one month with the project doing ground truth surveys in two of the research sites.

    2. Xieng Ngeun District and Nam Khan watershed (Luang Prabang)

    From 2008 to 2010, a partnership was developed with the Nam Khan EcoValley Project hosted by the Heritage House then WREO (Water Resources and Environment Office) of Luang Prabang.

    3. Viengkham District (Luang Prabang)

    The Catch-Up program worked in Viengkham district from April 2008 to December 2010 through a partnership with the Landscape Mosaic project founded by SDC and managed by CIFOR. Since January 2011 a partnership has been developed with Agrisud NGO which is implementing a project on food security and poverty alleviation funded by the European Commission.

    4. Xiengkhor District (Hua Phan)

    The Catch-Up program worked in Xiengkhor district through a partnership with OXFAM Hong Kong, a NGO involved in a food security and development project that founded our diagnostic surveys as well as land use change analyzes from remote sensing data.

    5. Pek, Kham and Nonghet Districts (Xieng Khouang)

    The Catch-Up program started working in Xieng Khouang province in September 2009 to assess the socioeconomic impact of conservation agriculture in the three pilot districts were the this innovative agricultural system had been introduced between 2004 to 2009. This activity was part of an international comparative network supported by PAMPA Project and funded by AFD.

PUBLICATIONS


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Effects of landscape segregation on livelihood vulnerability: Moving from extensive shifting cultivation to rotational agriculture and natural forests in northern Laos

Castella J.C., Lestrelin G., Hett C., Bourgoin J., Fitriana Y.R., Heinimann A., Pfund J.L.

Human Ecology, 41(1): 63-76.

2013 - Scientific Articles

 
 

 

Dynamics of rubber expansion in Lao PDR: Policy making under uncertainty

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 19-31

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Evolving relations between agriculture and forest in Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Castella J.C., Thephavanh M., Vongkhamsao V., Mouaxengcha K., Phonphakdy S., Fitriana Y.R., Kongay K., Phaipasith S., Ferrand J., Manivanh V., Pfund J.L.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 61-89

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on household economy and production systems in northern Lao PDR

Keophosay A., Viau J., Jobard E., Lestrelin G., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 33-47

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Management of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) across the Nam Khan Watershed

Nanthavong K., Cherief M., Keophosay A., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 109-125

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Spatial changes in the use of Non Timber Forest Products in four villages of Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province, Lao PDR

Thephavanh M., Vongmany O., Boucard A., Boissiere M., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 91-108

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Guidelines for village monograph

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane

2011 - Reports

 
 

 

Hathoung village monograph, Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane

2011 - Reports

 
 

 

Houaythong village monograph, Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane

2011 - Reports

 
 

 

Houaykou village monograph, Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane

2011 - Reports

 
 

 

Namxoy village monograph, Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane

2011 - Reports

 
 

 

Drouillat M., Cottet L.

2011 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Socioeconomic and agricultural characteristics of Pek, Kham and Nonghet districts, Xieng Khouang province, Lao PDR

Catch-Up Program

NAFRI-IRD, Vientiane

2010 - Posters

 
 

 

Land use change analysis in Xieng Khouang Province, Lao PDR, 1973-2010

Kongay K., Phaipasith S. Ferrand J., Castella J.C.

NAFRI-IRD, Vientiane

2010 - Posters

 
 

 

Spatial patterns in NTFPs collection Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province, Lao PDR

Landscape Mosaics Project, NAFRI-CIFOR, Vientiane

2010 - Posters

 
 

 

Rubber expansion in Lao PDR

Catch-Up Program

AFPRC, NAFRI, Vientiane

2010 - Reports

 
 
 

 

Land use change analysis in Xieng Khouang Province, Lao PDR, 1973-2010

Kongay K., Phaipasith S. Ferrand J., Castella J.C.

NAFRI-IRD, Vientiane

2010 - Reports

 
 
 

 

How smallholders resisted the companies: A rubber case study in Sangthong District.

Bouahom B., Castella J.C., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

Can the poor in Nalae District benefit from rubber planting? The key role of local government agencies in implementing pro-poor rubber policies.

Bouahom B., Castella J.C., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

When rubber companies are competing for land: Diversity of companies and diversity of land arrangements in Thakhek District.

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on traditional rice production systems in Northern Lao PDR. A case study in Xiengkhor district, Huaphan province

Viau J., Keophosay A., Castella J.C.

Catch-Up Program, NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane, Laos

2009 - Reports

 
 
 

 

Dynamics of rubber plantation in Lao PDR

Alberny E.

Master Thesis SUTROFOR, AgroParisTech-Engref, Montpellier, France

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Dynamics of landscapes and biodiversity in the Nam Khan watershed, Lao PDR

Cherief M.

MSc Angers University, France

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on traditional rice production system in Northern Lao PDR. A case study in Natong village cluster, Xiengkhor district, Huaphan Province

Viau J.

MSc AgroParicTech, Paris, France

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Biodiversity and livelihoods in two villages of Viengkham district, Luang Prabang province, Lao PDR

Thephavanh M., Vongmany O.

BSc dissertation. Faculty of Environment, NUoL, Vientiane

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 
 

 

Impacts of landscape dynamics on biodiversity and environmental services: NTFP management across the Nam Khan Watershed

Nanthavong K., Cherief M., Keophosay A., Castella J.C.

Catch-Up Policy Research Seminar - 22 Dec. 2008, NAFRI, Vientiane, Lao PDR

2008 - Conferences

 
 

 

Management of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) across the Nam Khan Watershed

Nanthavong K., Cherief M., Keophosay A., Castella J.C.

Catch-Up Policy Research Seminar - 22 Dec. 2008, NAFRI, Vientiane, Lao PDR

2008 - Posters

 
 

 

Economic impact of crop diversification in the Nam Khan watershed, Luang Prabang province, Lao PDR

Nanthavong K.

BSc dissertation. Souphanouvong University, Luang Prabang

2008 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 
 

 

Impact of shortening of fallow period on the sustainability of traditional upland rice systems, opportunities for conversion in the Nam Khan watershed, Luang Prabang province, Lao PDR

Mouaxengcha K.

BSc dissertation. Souphanouvong University, Luang Prabang

2008 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 
 

 

Landscapes and farming systems in transition: Case study in Viengkham district, Luang Prabang province, Lao PDR

Fitriana Y.R.

MSc Thesis DAT, SupAgro Montpellier, France

2008 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Land use change analysis in the Nam Khan watershed, Lao PDR

Sany J.P.

MSc Thesis IDTR, SupAgro Montpellier, France

2008 - Student Dissertation