Catch-Up.
Comprehensive Analysis of Trajectories of Change in the Uplands.

Exploring pathways to sustainable development in the uplands of
Lao PDR.

Activity B1: Economic drivers of agricultural expansion and deforestation

 
 
Rationale Objectives Methods Results Partnerships

    The prices of agricultural products such as biofuels (oil palm, jatropha), rubber, timber or animal feed (maize, cassava) are rising due to the rarefaction of the natural resources they substitute, such as forest wood, artificial rubber or oil products, and the increasing demand from the Chinese market. Industrial tree plantations for example are promoted by the government. They gradually replace slash-and-burn cultivation in many areas. However, the rapid expansion of tree plantations is associated with considerable economic, ecological and social risks that deserve specific research. To avoid negative environmental and social consequences of the expansion of agricultural land to the detriment of forest cover, it is important to determine the most suitable areas (from both biophysical and socioeconomic point of views) where new commercial crops can improve people livelihoods while protecting their environment. Therefore, government policies on land concession, and more generally on land use planning should rely on sound scientific knowledge, rooted in empirical studies.

    • To prioritize the issues related to the development of market-oriented crops and tree plantations in Lao PDR uplands based on a network of district pilot sites, comparative analysis with other case studies and literature review,

    • To understand the local and global market forces of change and their consequences for the development of mountainous areas in northern Lao PDR,

    • To provide guidance to policy interventions by taking into account the trade-offs between the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.

    1. Literature review

    Literature review about the expansion of cash crops, both perennial tree plantations and annual crops, in Lao PDR, in Southeast Asia and at the global level. Rubber tree, maize and jatropha illustrate the rapid changes in land use systems triggered by the boom of these commodities on the global market. They are used as example for other crops that have the same function / position on the international market, e.g. substitute to petroleum products (rubber, biofuels), wood products, livestock feedstuff.

    2. Case studies

    Extract from the case study sites of the Catch-Up program (Activity A1) the empirical knowledge relevant to the impact of economic drivers of land use change (e.g. the rapid expansion of rubber plantations and maize crop) on landscapes, livelihoods and environmental services. The main findings were incorporated into a comparative analysis of a large range of study sites (from our project and partners).

    3. Synthesizing and reporting

    The information from different sources were synthesized and reported in policy briefs. The reports and policy briefs were presented at the occasion of national conferences.

    • Empirical evidences about the impact of market forces on agricultural expansion and forest degradation,

    • A contribution to the on-going debates about the policies and regulations to mitigate the negative impacts on poverty, land degradation and deforestation,

    • Publications in scientific journals, and contribution to national and international conferences, capacity building of project staff in policy research.

    A partnership was developed with Dr. Jefferson Fox from the East-West Center of Hawaii on the topic of rubber expansion in Montane Mainland South-East Asia.

PUBLICATIONS


Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/asiaupla/public_html/Catch-Up/CU-BDD-Connexion.php on line 7

Expansion of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) in Mainland Southeast Asia: What are the prospects for small holders?

Fox J., Castella J.C.

Journal of Peasant Studies, 40(1): 155-170.

2013 - Scientific Articles

 
 

 

Dynamics of rubber expansion in Lao PDR: Policy making under uncertainty

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 19-31

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Policy implications of land use changes in the uplands of northern Lao PDR

Douangsavanh L., Latdavong P., Bouahom B., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 1-17

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

The economics of industrial trees plantations in Lao PDR. Incentives or constraints to land conversion

Khambanseuang C., Nanthavong K., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 49-60

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on household economy and production systems in northern Lao PDR

Keophosay A., Viau J., Jobard E., Lestrelin G., Castella J.C.

Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 33-47

2011 - Scientific Articles

 
 
 

 

Expansion of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) in Mainland Southeast Asia: What are the prospects for small holders?

Fox J., Castella J.C.

Communication to the RCSD International Conference : Revisiting Agrarian Transformations in Southeast Asia: Empirical, Theoretical and Applied Perspectives, 13-15 May 2010, Chiang Mai, Thailand

2010 - Conferences

 
 
 

 

Rubber expansion in Lao PDR

Catch-Up Program

AFPRC, NAFRI, Vientiane

2010 - Reports

 
 
 

 

NTFP Market Analysis in Viengkham District, Luang Prabang Province

Mouaxengcha K., Manivanh V., Vongkhamsao V., Castella J.C.

Landscape Mosaics Project, NAFRI-CIFOR, Vientiane

2010 - Reports

 
 
 

 

Implications of the global economic downturn for the agricultural sector in Lao PDR: turning development constraints into assets

Latdavong P., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

Seventh Policy Roundtable on Building Capacities for Agricultural Competitiveness of Transition Countries in Southeast Asia, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 26-27 June 2009

2009 - Conferences

 
 
 

 

Dynamic of Rubber Expansion in Lao PDR: Policy making under uncertainty

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

How smallholders resisted the companies: A rubber case study in Sangthong District.

Bouahom B., Castella J.C., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

Can the poor in Nalae District benefit from rubber planting? The key role of local government agencies in implementing pro-poor rubber policies.

Bouahom B., Castella J.C., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

When rubber companies are competing for land: Diversity of companies and diversity of land arrangements in Thakhek District.

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

Emergence of a diversity of rubber institutions from local negotiations in Laos.

Castella J.C., Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

ASEAN Rubber Conference 2009, Vientiane, Laos. 18-20 June 2009

2009 - Posters

 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on traditional rice production systems in Northern Lao PDR. A case study in Xiengkhor district, Huaphan province

Viau J., Keophosay A., Castella J.C.

Catch-Up Program, NAFRI-IRD-CIFOR, Vientiane, Laos

2009 - Reports

 
 
 

 

Dynamics of rubber plantation in Lao PDR

Alberny E.

Master Thesis SUTROFOR, AgroParisTech-Engref, Montpellier, France

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Impact of maize expansion on traditional rice production system in Northern Lao PDR. A case study in Natong village cluster, Xiengkhor district, Huaphan Province

Viau J.

MSc AgroParicTech, Paris, France

2009 - Student Dissertation

 
 
 

 

Dynamics of rubber expansion in Lao PDR: Policy making under uncertainty

Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L., Castella J.C.

Catch-Up Policy Research Seminar - 22 Dec. 2008, NAFRI, Vientiane, Lao PDR

2008 - Conferences

 
 

 

Emergence of a diversity of rubber regimes as outcome of local negotiations: A challenge for policy research

Castella J.C., Bouahom B., Alberny E., Douangsavanh L.

Catch-Up Policy Research Seminar - 22 Dec. 2008, NAFRI, Vientiane, Lao PDR

2008 - Conferences